Churches

Subject

Churches

Christ Church (Episcopal)

1836-1865

Christ Church is located in the Capitol Area Historic District in downtown Raleigh, NC. The church was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987 and is the oldest archetype of Gothic Revival style stone church in the south.

Business and Industry

Guilford County (1771)

1664-1775

Formed in 1771 from parts of the Orange and Rowan counties, Guilford lies in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, and its county seat is Greensboro. The decisive Battle of Guilford Courthouse occurred in Guilford in 1781, and O. Henry, Dolly Madison, and Edward R. Murrow were all born in the county. The county is home to the two major cities of Greensboro and High Point.

Churches

Paul Palmer ( ? -1747)

1664-1775

Known as the “father of Free Will Baptists in North Carolina,” Paul Palmer started the first Baptist church in the colony of North Carolina. 

Churches

The Test

1664-1775

On the eve of the American Revolution, the Vestry of St. Paul’s Church in Edenton wrote the “Test”, and it became a catalyst for fanning the flames of independence within the colony of North Carolina. Written approximately a month before the Declaration of Independence, the "Test" proved to be the church’s own declaration of independence.

Churches

Rev. Daniel Earle

1664-1775

Rev. Daniel Earle from Edenton publicly stood against Britain and their infractions of the rights of free peoples.

African American

Central Orphanage of North Carolina

1866-1915

Segregated orphanages in North Carolina necessitated the creation of an orphanage for dependent and neglected African American children. An idea for such an orphanage in Henderson, North Carolina was born, when Rev. Augustus Shepard, father of James Shepard the founder of North Carolina Central University, felt burdened when observing the squalid,living conditions of homeless African American children.

Churches

Sacred Heart Cathedral

1916-1945

Sacred Heart Cathedral is the Mother Church for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh, making it the spiritual center for Catholics in eastern North Carolina. It is the smallest cathedral in the continental United States. Sacred Heart’s parochial school was desegregated in 1953, a year before the Brown v. Board of Education decision.

African American

Aaron McDuffie Moore (1863-1923)

1836-1865

Born on September 6, 1863 to free yeoman farmer parents, Aaron McDuffie Moore used educational opportunities to improve his social condition and to better his community.

Churches

St. Thomas Episcopal Church

1664-1775

Established in 1734, St. Thomas Episcopal Church is North Carolina’s oldest surviving church.  The church is located in the town of Bath.

African American

Bishop Vincent S. Waters (1904-1974)

1916-1945

Bishop of the Raleigh Diocese of the Roman Catholic Church from 1945 to 1974, Vincent S. Waters is known mostly for denouncing segregation and ordering the desegregation of North Carolina Catholic churches and schools in 1953—a year before the Brown v. Board of Education case.

Churches

James O’Kelly (1736?-1826)

1776-1835

James O’Kelly, a fiery, revivalist preacher in Virginia and North Carolina from 1775-1826, preached religious liberty.  He decried slavery, using republican rhetoric in An Essay on Negro Slavery, and criticized Methodist polity in The Author’s Apology for Protesting Against the Methodist Episcopal Church.  In 1794, he created the Republican Methodist denomination, which became the Christian Church in the South in 1802.  O’Kelly moved to North Carolina in 1787 and died in Chatham County in 1826. 

Churches

Welsh

1664-1775

North Carolina's diverse ethnic history includes the Welsh, who migrated from the middle colonies during the early eighteenth century to work in the naval stores industry.  By the end of the century, the Welsh owned numerous properties and played a vital role in North Carolina society.  More than a few modern-day North Carolinians are of Welsh descent.