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Buggymobile Encyclopedia

The buggymobile, a horse-less contraption that used a gasoline engine, was considered expensive and silly when it was first invented.  It soon became, however, one of the most innovative and popular transportation devices. 

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Eng and Chang Bunker (1811-1874) Encyclopedia

Originally from Siam but later residents of Surry County, Eng and Chang Bunker became the reference for the medical condition when twins are conjoined.  Born in 1811, the two were joined together at the chest by a thin band of flesh and remained that way until their 1874 death.

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Thomas Burke (1744-1783) Encyclopedia

A native of Ireland, Thomas Burke served as the third governor of North Carolina under the 1776 constitution.  He played an instrumental role in the committee that submitted the Halifax Resolves to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.  A one-term governor, he was imprisoned by Loyalists, taken to Charleston, South Carolina, escaped and resumed the governorship, and then resigned in 1782.

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Thomas Burke (1747-1783) Encyclopedia

Born in Ireland in 1747, Thomas Burke protested the Stamp Act, served in the North Carolina provincial congresses, at the Halifax Convention, and at the Continental Congress, and served as Governor of North Carolina.  His perseverance at the Continental Congress was instrumental for the inclusion of Article II in the Articles of Confederation.  If he had lived, Burke undoubtedly would have been an Antifederalist during the ratification debates and a formidable intellectual foe for James Iredell.

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Hutchins G. Burton (1774-1836) Encyclopedia

A three-term governor, Hutchins G. Burton is noted for encouraging a system of public education to ensure that young North Carolinians received at least a rudimentary education.    He also served as the state’s attorney general (1810-1816) and as a U.S. House of Representative (1819-1825).

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Marion Butler (1863-1938) Encyclopedia

Most remembered as the architect of political Fusion in North Carolina during the 1890s and for gaining Populist support for the 1896 presidential candidacy of William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925), Marion Butler was born in Sampson County, North Carolina.

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Tod Robinson Caldwell (1818-1874) Encyclopedia

Tod Robinson Caldwell is noteworthy in North Carolina history for at least three reasons: he was the first lieutenant governor of North Carolina; he was the second Republican governor of the state; and he assumed governor’s duties after William Woods Holden, the first North Carolina Republican governor, was impeached.

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Camel Cigarettes Encyclopedia

During the late 1800s, North Carolina dominated the national tobacco market, and in 1913 R. J. Reynolds Company (RJR) introduced a product that revolutionized tobacco advertising and processing: Camel cigarettes.   

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Charles Albert Cannon (1892-1971) Encyclopedia

Charles Albert Cannon, the son of a textile mill owner, was born in 1892.  After attending Fishburne Military Academy and Davidson College, Cannon entered the textile industry himself, achieving success as a manager, treasurer and secretary.  When his father died in 1921, Cannon assumed the leadership of the Cannon manufacturing plants and consolidated them to one entity, The Cannon Mills Company. 

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James W. Cannon (1852-1921) Encyclopedia

Born in Mecklenburg County in 1852, James W. Cannon revolutionized the cloth industry and towel manufacturing.  His entrepreneurial adventure produced the largest towel manufacturer in the world (Cannon Mills) and, according to one historical account, “the largest unincorporated town in the world.”

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Canova Statue (George Washington) Encyclopedia

In the wake of the second defeat of Great Britain, the young United States of America entered into a time that many historians call “The Era of Good Feelings,” for the War of 1812 assured many that the American experiment would survive.   In 1815, North Carolina decided to erect a statue to commemorate George Washington.

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Antonio Canova (1757-1822) Encyclopedia

A famous and world-renown Italian sculptor, Antonio Canova was commissioned by the state of North Carolina to sculpt a George Washington statue for the State Capitol.  The Canova statue, with Washington wearing a Roman toga and portrayed as a military hero from ancient times, was the centerpiece of the Capitol lobby and is a prime example of neoclassical style.

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Carolina Charter of 1663 Encyclopedia

The Carolina Charter of 1663 was the first organic law of what eventually became the state of North Carolina.  It conferred territory that also included what is now South Carolina to eight “true and absolute Lords Proprietors.”  They possessed broad feudal powers and bore the responsibility of managing Carolina in the interests of England.

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Carolinas Campaign (January 1865-April 1865) Encyclopedia


After completing his "March to the Sea," General William T. Sherman proceeded north into the Carolinas. Sherman’s Army wrought devastation in South Carolina and met little resistance. Sherman captured Columbia, South Carolina, and it was burned to the ground. He then proceeded into North Carolina and took Fayetteville, Goldsboro, and then Raleigh. West of Raleigh at Durham’s Station, Sherman met with Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston and signed a peace agreement that officially surrendered all Confederate forces still active in Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

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Elias Carr (1839-1900) Encyclopedia

Never politically ambitious, Elias Carr represents what some scholars have called the last in a “fading tradition of planter governors.”   The Edgecombe County native and Democrat with Populist tendencies served as governor from 1893 to 1897.   During the last two years of his administration, Carr’s vision was tempered by Fusion politics.

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