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Born on May 16, 1891, in Beaufort County, North Carolina, Herbert Bonner served for nearly 25 years in the U.S. Congress. As a representative of the state’s First District, Bonner sought to create jobs via federal programs for his constituents. Bonner also chaired the Committee on Election of President, Vice President, and Representatives and the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Bonner passed away after his fight with cancer on November 7, 1965.
A former planter turned brigand, Stede Bonnet was a second generation Barbadian who sailed throughout the Caribbean and the North Atlantic committing piracy. His leadership and management styles were atypical for a buccaneer. He was known as the “Gentleman Pirate.” More than once, he docked at a spot in the Cape Fear Inlet to careen periodically his Revenge. It was here that he was initially captured and then transferred to Charleston, South Carolina to be prosecuted.
Known mainly for inventing “Brad’s Drink,” later called Pepsi-Cola, Caleb Bradham’s business career reached its apogee a couple years before World War I. The effects of the government’s rationing of sugar during the Great War cost Bradham immensely. Although Pepsi-Cola declared bankruptcy in 1924, the New Bern resident had created a product that North Carolinians and Americans (and now the world) still enjoys.
Thomas Bragg served as the governor of North Carolina from 1855-1859. Bragg's terms have been noted for the broadening of manhood suffrage and for internal improvements, most notably the North Carolina Railroad.
Braxton Bragg was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He fought primarily in the western theatre. Prior to the Civil War, Bragg fought in Florida during the Second Seminole War (1835-42) and under Zachary Taylor's command in the Mexican American War (1846-48).
Criticized for his inability to win battles during the Civil War (1861-1865), North Carolinian Braxton Bragg, writes historian William S. Hoffman, was the man of the hour during the Mexican War (1846-1848).
Like the Wachovia Corporation and several other American banks, Branch Banking and Trust Company (BB&T) started as a simple, private bank. As mergers and takeovers occurred throughout the years, BB&T made strides in the banking realm of North Carolina and eventually the American South. With over 1,800 branches and 30,000 employees in 12 states and Washington, D.C., the BB&T Corporation, stationed in Winston-Salem, N.C., ranks as the eleventh largest banking corporation in the United States as of March 31, 2011.
A Jacksonian turned Whig politician, John Branch served as three terms as Governor of North Carolina and championed internal improvements in the Tar Heel State. He later held federal posts, including Secretary of Navy, Congressman, and territorial governor of Florida. After the scandalous Eaton Affair, a disenchanted Branch left the Democratic Party to help create a new Whig Party in North Carolina.
Newscaster David McClure Brinkley helped pioneer the two-anchor format on NBC and revolutionize the format of the Sunday news interview programs with his ABC series, This Week With David Brinkley.
Curtis Hooks Brogden served the state of North Carolina for half a century as a state representative, state senator, state comptroller, U.S. Congressman, lieutenant governor, and finally as the 42nd governor.
The Brookings Plan was a collection of reforms proposed by the Brookings Institution, a Washington, D.C. think tank. Searching for economic solutions to the state’s financial problems, Governor O. Max Gardner commissioned the plan shortly after the onset of the Great Depression.
J. Melville Broughton was elected to the North Carolina governorship amidst rising anxiety over the war in Europe. Broughton, nonetheless, successfully introduced extensive legislation that improved public education, mapped out the state’s natural resources, and created the Good Health program. His greatest legacy is considered to be extending the school term from six to nine months. Broughton is the only governor to be a Wake County native.
Born in Caswell County, Bedford Brown grew up on his family farm and later attended the University of North Carolina. Brown served in the North Carolina House of Commons and Senate before his service in the U.S. Senate (1829 – 1840). After his resignation, Brown worked on his family farm at Rose Hill.
The end of slavery in 1865 appeared to offer African Americans in North Carolina new and challenging opportunities. Some became landowners, educators, politicians, and businessmen. Yet by 1900 "jubilation" had become "Jim Crow," and African Americans once again found themselves treated as second-class citizens. During this period, however, leaders emerged, who dedicated themselves to improving African Americans' status and quality of life. One such person was Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown.
Named in honor of the Duke of Brunswick, King George I, the county of Brunswick is the southernmost county in North Carolina. The county was formed in 1764 from parts of New Hanover and Bladen Counties, and the region's beaches and ocean communities attract many tourists to the area.