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Counties

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Alamance County (1849) Encyclopedia

Located in the heart of North Carolina’s Piedmont region, Alamance County’s rich history, combined with its booming textile industry and significant agricultural production, make it one of the state’s most important counties.

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Alexander County (1847) Encyclopedia

Established from Iredell, Caldwell, and Wilkes counties in 1847, Alexander County was named in honor of William Julius Alexander. Its county seat is Taylorsville, and the city of Hiddenite remains a prime mining community. The largest emerald in North America, named “Carolina,” was found in Hiddenite in 1969.

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Alleghany County (1859) Encyclopedia

Alleghany County, one of North Carolina's most northern counties, is located in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Although it is the fifth smallest county in the state, Alleghany County has a rich heritage that is connected to the geography of the region.

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Anson County (1750) Encyclopedia

Known for its bucolic setting and an extensive history, Anson County, tucked away in the south-central Piedmont region, is one of North Carolina’s oldest and most important counties.

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Ashe County (1799) Encyclopedia

A northwestern corner county in the mountains of North Carolina, Ashe was formed from sections of Wilkes County in 1799, and its seat of government is Jefferson. From 1784 to 1788 Ashe and several other counties formed an independent state known as Franklin. However, the state lasted only a short time due to continual attacks by surrounding Native Americans and the indifference of the national government.

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Avery County (1911) Encyclopedia

A county in North Carolina’s “High Country,” Avery was established in 1911 and earned the county the distinction as the hundredth-county in the state. One of the highest counties in the eastern United States, Avery County is in the Blue Ridge Mountains and is home to the man-made Linn Cove Viaduct and the natural-wonder Grandfather Mountain. Year after year, numerous tourists visit Avery, bringing over $50 million into the county’s economy annually.

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Beaufort County (1705) Encyclopedia

Situated on the shores of the Pamlico Sound, historic Beaufort County is one of North Carolina’s oldest counties.  It was once a major shipping destination, and presently thrives as a tourist market.

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Bertie County (1722) Encyclopedia

Bertie County, established in 1722 from a section of the Chowan precinct, is located in the northeastern part of North Carolina.  A county of rich soil and numerous waterways, Bertie was once inhabited by the Tuscarora. Nathaniel Batts was the first white European to traverse modern-day Bertie, and the Batts House remains a testament to his settlement.

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Bladen County (1734) Encyclopedia

A Coastal Plain county and the third largest in North Carolina, Bladen County is rightfully named the “Mother County.”  Of the state’s 100 counties, 55 of them were originally part of Bladen County. 

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Brunswick County (1764) Encyclopedia

Named in honor of the Duke of Brunswick, King George I, the county of Brunswick is the southernmost county in North Carolina. The county was formed in 1764 from parts of New Hanover and Bladen Counties, and the region's beaches and ocean communities attract many tourists to the area.

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Buncombe County (1791) Encyclopedia

Home to the city of Asheville and the Biltmore Estate, Buncombe County was founded in 1791, and it is named in honor of the Revolutionary Colonel Edward Buncombe. The county is nestled in the Blue Ridge Mountains, and its history and culture attractions are well-known.

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Burke County (1777) Encyclopedia

Named in honor of Dr. Thomas Burke, the county of Burke was organized by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1777. The “Western State Capital,” Burke is a western, mountain county that has the highest number of government employees (500) outside of Raleigh. The region is also well known for its numerous state parks, and the South and Blue Ridge Mountains that pass through the county.

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Cabarrus County (1792) Encyclopedia

Site of the first gold rush in the United States and the birthplace of iconic NASCAR driver Dale Earnhardt, Cabarrus County provides a vital culture and historic piece to North Carolina’s history. Originally part of Mecklenburg County, Cabarrus was formed in 1792 and named after Stephen Cabarrus, Speaker of North Carolina’s House of Commons in the late-eighteenth century.

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Caldwell County (1841) Encyclopedia

Named after Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the University of North Carolina, Caldwell County was created in 1841 and formed out of Burke and Wilkes counties by the North Carolina legislature.

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Camden County (1777) Encyclopedia

Home to the Great Dismal Swamp, Camden County attracts numerous boaters and outdoor enthusiasts annually. The county was originally established in 1777, and its seat of government is Camden; both are named in honor of Sir Charles Pratt, Earl of Camden. Over 400 Revolutionary War captains and soldiers who served in the Continental Army were from Camden County.

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