Font Size: AAA

House in the Horseshoe

House in the Horseshoe built in 1772. Image courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, NC.

House in the Horseshoe built in 1772. Image courtesy of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh, NC.


The story of the House in the Horseshoe, and the men who fought there during an American Revolution skirmish, reveals the nature and influence of the war in the North Carolina backcountry. One of the first “big” houses built in the frontier lands of North Carolina, the House in the Horseshoe still has bullet holes from the fighting that took place in 1781.

Named for its location in a horseshoe shaped bend in the Deep River, the House in the Horseshoe was built in 1772 by Phillip Alston. Alston bought 4,000 acres of land and likely enlisted the work of a Scottish contractor named McFadden to build his home. A slave owner and a prominent political figure in the area, Alston served as a colonel in the Revolutionary war.

On July 29, 1781, Alston and his men were camping at the House in the Horseshoe when a larger group of Tories led by the infamous David Fanning attacked the home. During the skirmish, the Tories rolled a wagon full of burning straw against the house in an attempt to burn it down. Eventually Alston and his forces surrendered to the Tories after both sides suffered numerous casualties. Mrs. Alston negotiated the terms of her husband’s surrender to Col. Fanning.

In 1790, Alston sold the house to Thomas Perkins. Eight years later Perkins sold the 2,500-acre plantation to the future Governor of North Carolina, Benjamin Williams, who served four terms (1799-1802, 1807, and 1808). An aspiring planter, Williams accumulated 103 slaves who were managed by a paid overseer and produced up to 300 acres of cotton annually.  Williams’ additions to the home (a master bedroom and a kitchen) brought the value of the home to $30,000 dollars in 1803.  Williams passed away at the plantation in 1814.

The Moore County Historical Association purchased the House in the Horseshoe in 1954 and the state acquired the property the following year. Named a North Carolina Historical Site in 1971, the home now host reenactments and craft demonstrations.


Sources:

NC Cultural Resources Newsroom, “30th Annual Revolutionary War Battle Re-enactment Planned at House in the Horseshoe State Historic Site” http://news.ncdcr.gov/2009/07/21/30th-annual-revolutionary-war-battle-re-enactment-planned-at-house-in-the-horseshoe-state-historic-site/ (accessed May 12, 2010); North Carolina Historic Sites, “House in the Horseshoe: Overview” http://www.nchistoricsites.org/horsesho/main.htm (accessed May 12, 2010); William Powell ed., Encyclopedia of North Carolina (Chapel Hill, 2006).

By Jessica Lee Thompson, North Carolina History Project


See Also:

Related Categories: Revolution Era, Cities, Places, Early America, Colonial North Carolina
Related Encyclopedia Entries: The Spanish - American War, Edward Vail (1717-1777), Braxton Bragg (Mexican War) (1817-1876), James K. Polk (1795-1849), James Iredell Waddell (1824-1886), CSS Neuse, USS Underwriter, Hillsborough Confrontation (1768), William Hawkins (1777-1819), Otway Burns (1775-1850), Johnston Blakely (1781-1814), Henry Toole Clark, George E. Preddy (1919-1944), Prelude to the Battle of Averasboro, The Battle of Averasboro-Day One, The Battle of Averasboro- Day Two, Braxton Bragg (1817-1876), Fort Clark, Civil War, Lance Incorporated, Harriet Jacobs (1813-1897) , Archibald Maclaine (1728-1790), Philip Alston, Battle of Alamance, David Fanning (1755-1825), Battle of Guilford Court House, The Walton War, James Reilly ( ? - 1894), Howell Gilliam Trogdon (1840 - 1894), Battle at the Mouth of Sandy Creek, Parker David Robbins (1834-1917), Henry Eppes (1831-1917), Battle of Plymouth (1864), Washington County (1799), Salisbury Prison (Civil War), Gatling Gun, Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, Rutherford's Campaign, Royal Governor Josiah Martin (1737 - 1786), David “Carbine” Williams (1900 - 1975), The Battle of Ramsour’s Mill (June 20, 1780), Josephus Daniels (1862 - 1948), Cross Creek, Food Lion, Juan Pardo Expeditions, John Alexander Lillington (c.1725-1786), Plott Hound: The State Dog, Lincoln County (1779), Gaston County (1846), Person County (1792), Onslow County (1734), Ashe County (1799), Tyrrell County (1729), Surry County (1771), Chowan County (1681), Cabarrus County (1792), Alexander County (1847), Pamlico County (1872), Cleveland County (1841), Currituck County (1668), Iredell County (1788), Mitchell County (1861), Salem, James City, Wingate University, Historic Halifax, Chowan County Courthouse (1767), The National Hollerin' Contest, James “Catfish” Hunter (1946 - 1999), William Hooper (1742-1790), Alfred Moore (1755-1810), Alexander Martin (1740-1807), The Great Seal of the State of North Carolina, Rev. Daniel Earle , Richard Caswell , Halifax Resolves , Cornelius Harnett, Caswell County (1777)
Related Commentary: Toward an Inclusive History of the Civil War: Society and the Home Front, When Wilmington Threw A Tea Party: Women and Political Awareness in Revolution-Era North Carolina
Related Lesson Plans: Civil War in North Carolina
Timeline: 1664-1775 , 1776-1835 , 1836-1865 , 1866-1915 , 1916-1945 , 1946-1990 , 1990-present
Region: Piedmont Plateau

© 2014 John Locke Foundation | 200 West Morgan St., Raleigh, NC 27601, Voice: (919) 828-3876
Website design & development by DesignHammer Media Group, LLC. Building Smarter Websites.