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Political Documents

Showing results: 1 to 15 out of 24

Act Concerning Marriages (1669) Encyclopedia

Settlers wishing to marry soon experienced a problem: only ministers of the Church of England were entitled to perform the rite of marriage and few visited or settled in Carolina.  As a result, the Assembly of Albemarle in 1669 discussed the need to authorize civil officers to perform marriage ceremonies.

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An Address to the Freemen of North Carolina (Publicola) Encyclopedia

During the ratification debates, many Federalists and Antifederalists assumed pseudonyms when writing essays supporting or opposing the U.S. Constitution’s adoption.  Under the penname Publicola (meaning friend of the people), Archibald Maclaine of Wilmington, a Federalist, printed a reply to George Mason’s objections to the Constitution.  It appeared in installments in the New Bern State Gazette on March 20 and March 27, 1789.

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Anti-Federalism Encyclopedia

Anti-Federal was the name given to the men and the movement opposing the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.  Ironically, Anti-Federals wanted a more federal government than the Federals; the term resulted from a Federal political strategy to present Anti-Federals as opponents of limited government.  Before they ratified (approved) the Constitution, Anti-Federals wanted a Bill of Rights to be included.

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Capital Punishment Encyclopedia

North Carolina’s violent crime rate is the 18th highest in the country, and the Tar Heel State’s use of capital punishment ranks them in 5th place in the nation.

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Carolina Charter of 1663 Encyclopedia

The Carolina Charter of 1663 was the first organic law of what eventually became the state of North Carolina.  It conferred territory that also included what is now South Carolina to eight “true and absolute Lords Proprietors.”  They possessed broad feudal powers and bore the responsibility of managing Carolina in the interests of England.

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Concessions and Agreement (1665) Encyclopedia

Before the Fundamental Constitutions was penned, this 1665 document permitted freedom of religion in the colony.  It also provided order in a disruptive settlement.

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The Conservative Manifesto Encyclopedia

The Conservative Manifesto was a 1937 bi-partisan effort opposing what was considered excessive government intervention and growth.  U.S. Senator Josiah W. Bailey (N.C.) authored the Manifesto.

The Manifesto was a response to what was perceived as growing state collectivism and the fear that FDR led America, knowingly or not, down this path.  Many southern Democrats and Republicans opposed the New Deal or believed that New Deal programs were necessary but needed to be limited.


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Constitution of 1835 Encyclopedia

The constitutional revisions of 1835 resulted in large part from North Carolina’s acceptance of Jacksonian democracy, a political movement that emphasized participation of the common man in the political process.

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Cornelius Harnett Encyclopedia

Cornelius Harnett, was an American merchant, farmer, and statesman from Wilmington, North Carolina.  He was a leading American Revolutionary in the Cape Fear region and a delegate for North Carolina in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1779.

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A Speech at Edenton Encyclopedia

On November 8, 1787 in Edenton at the Chowan County Courthouse, Hugh Williamson called for the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.  In February 1788, his speech was published in the New York Daily Advertiser and later in other publications, including Pennsylvania Packet, Charleston Columbian Herald, and Philadelphia American Museum

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Esse Quam Videri Encyclopedia

The Latin phrase Esse Quam Videri, “to be rather than to seem,” was chosen as the North Carolina state motto by jurist and historian, Walter Clark.

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William J. Gaston (1778-1844) Encyclopedia

Many North Carolinians, and Americans from elsewhere, respected, if not adored, Gaston.  John Marshall (1755-1835) once said that he would retire if he knew Gaston would replace him as U.S. Supreme Court Justice.  In 1840, the state legislative leaders proposed Gaston as U.S. Senator, but he declined the honor.

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Halifax Resolves Encyclopedia

The Halifax Resolves is the name later given to a resolution adopted by the Fourth Provincial Congress of the Province of North Carolina on April 12, 1776.  The resolution was a forerunner of the United States Declaration of Independence.

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Lieutenant Governor Encyclopedia

Until 1868, the Governor was North Carolina's only elected executive. The Constitution of 1868, however, created the office of Lieutenant Governor and provided for the popular election of the office of the Governor and the Lt. Governor, each for four-year terms.  In 1970 the Lt. Governorship became full-time and evolved into the only elected post with executive and legislative duties. 

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Francis Oliver (1740-1808) Encyclopedia

Francis Oliver was a Baptist preacher from Duplin County, North Carolina and a delegate at the 1788 state convention to ratify the federal constitution.  An Anti-Federalist, Oliver vigorously defended individual liberty and upheld republican values.

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